What is district heating in Sweden?

District heating is a climate-smart energy system which heats over half of all commercial and residential buildings in Sweden. The district heating network is a network of several thousand kilometres of pipes, transporting hot water under our feet through our towns.

What does district heating include?

What does district heating include? A high-powered central boiler fuelled by oil, gas, wood chips, etc. A network of well-insulated pipes buried underneath the streets. This network carries the hot heating water (or steam) into each home.

Is district heating expensive?

We also looked at the cost of district heating and found a huge difference in the price paid by customers. Some were paying up to 25% more for their heating than if they’d been on a standard gas deal, and that includes all the additional costs of installing and maintaining a gas boiler.

What is a district heating network?

A heat network – sometimes called district heating – is a distribution system of insulated pipes that takes heat from a central source and delivers it to a number of domestic or non-domestic buildings.

How good is district heating?

Overall, district heating from combined heat and power generation can reduce primary energy consumption by up to 40% compared with separate electricity/heat generation.

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Where is district heating used?

District heating originates from a central location and supplies hot water or steam through a network of pipes to individual dwellings or blocks of buildings. The heat is used for space heating and cooling, domestic water heating, and industrial process heat.

Which countries have district heating?

Hence, the utilisation of district heating in buildings is still low in average. However, high implementation rates around and above 50% appear in Iceland, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, and northern China.

How do you pay for district heating?

Some pay for it along with their rent, termed ‘heat with rent’, which is typically a fixed charge not tied to the amount of heat consumed. Others are charged per unit of heating, as with standard gas or electric heating, and pay via prepayment meters, direct debit or quarterly billing.

How does a Hiu work?

A heat interface unit (HIU) is a box that looks like a boiler. It transfers the heat from the community heating network into your home’s central heating system. It makes heat available instantly, whenever its required. You simply set the thermostat and heating programmer, as you would with a traditional boiler.

How do Swedes heat their homes?

For decades, Swedes have used the vestigial heat in the bedrock to heat their homes. The technology, called “rock energy”, is much more efficient than traditional heating methods, and is virtually emissions free. … And it’s all been done with the money saved on heating.

What cities have district heating?

List of district heating systems

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City Company Name Heat Sales 2009
New York City Consolidated Edison
Stockholm AB Fortum Värme
Helsinki Helsingin Energia 25.5 PJ (7072 GWh)
Paris CPCU 22 PJ (6300 GWh)

How is district heating sustainable?

Due to simultaneous production of heat and electricity in combined heat and power plants, district heating is very energy-efficient. By implementing renewable energy sources and utilizing waste heat generated by industry, the environmental gain by district heating is further evident.

Is district heating regulated?

Unlike the majority of UK homes connected to mains gas, district heating schemes are not regulated. As a result, customers have no opportunity to switch heat suppliers and have a very limited right to redress should the service they receive fail to meet expectations.

What is a district or communal heat network?

Heat networks (sometimes called ‘district’ or ‘communal’ heating) are a way of heating blocks of flats or groups of homes. If your home is on a heat network: you can’t switch your heat network supplier.

What is open district heating?

Open District Heating® allows businesses to turn costs for cooling into revenue from recovered heat. Through Open District Heating®, Fortum Värme buys recovered heat and excess capacity at market price under long-term and transparent contracts.