The region is made up of an ocean (the Arctic Ocean) surrounded by sovereign states. … According to this definition, the Arctic includes all areas north of the Arctic Circle and the associated eight Arctic states, i.e. Canada, Denmark/Greenland, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, the United States and Sweden.
Is Sweden part of Arctic?
Sweden is an Arctic country. Sweden therefore has a particular interest in and responsibility for promoting peaceful, stable and sustainable development and contributing to constructive international cooperation in the Arctic. As one of the eight Arctic countries, Sweden is a mem- ber of the Arctic Council.
What countries are in the Arctic Ocean?
The Arctic region covers parts of eight countries: Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, and the United States.
How much of Sweden is in the Arctic?
Climate of Sweden. About 15 percent of the country lies within the Arctic Circle. From about late May until mid-July, sunlight lasts around the clock north of the Arctic Circle, but, even as far south as Stockholm, the nights during this period have only a few hours of semidarkness.
What are the 8 Arctic countries?
The members of the Arctic Council include the eight Arctic States (Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, the Russian Federation, and the United States).
Where is the Arctic Circle Sweden?
Location. Some 20 minutes’ drive north of Övertorneå, the Arctic Circle crosses road 99 in the little village of Juoksengi, also known as “Polcirkelbyn” which translates as “Arctic Circle village”. The circle is marked with a huge sign and international flags by the roadside.
Is Sweden part of North Pole?
The Arctic Council, composed of nations with territory in the Arctic Circle, addresses issues faced by nations and indigenous people of the Arctic, including the North Pole. Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, and the United States are members of the Arctic Council.
Which country is closest to the Arctic?
There are six countries whose coasts touch the Arctic Ocean: Canada, Denmark (via Greenland), Iceland, Norway, Russia, and the United States. Each of these nations is limited to a 200-nautical-mile economic zone off their coasts. The area beyond that is administered by the International Seabed Authority.
What country controls the Arctic?
Russia controls the route, which runs through its territorial waters, and charges a fee for passage. But the opening up of the Northern Sea Route is a double-edged sword for Russia. Ice was the bastion that protected its northern coast; its disappearance makes the country more vulnerable.
Do sharks live in the Arctic Ocean?
While shark diversity and abundance are generally greatest in warmer waters, a few species regularly inhabit cold waters within the Arctic Circle. Of some 465 known shark species, I know of only eight that have been recorded from the Arctic. … Greenland Sharks are preternaturally sluggish.
Does Sweden have 4 seasons?
Who has four seasons, loves the outdoors and talks about the weather? The Swedes! Most people think of winter when they hear of Sweden. … Spring runs from March/April to May, summer from June to August, fall from September to October/November and winter from November/December to March/February.
Is Sweden a hot or cold country?
Winter and summer temperature differences in Sweden are extreme, but generally the country enjoys a temperate climate, thanks to the Gulf Stream. Above the Arctic Circle, winter is severe with temperatures going below -30°C, while summer temperatures here, and in the rest of the country, regularly hit +20°C.
Is it freezing in Sweden?
In the northernmost part of the Gulf of Bothnia, the sea is often frozen in winter, while it remains cold even in summer, since it reaches at most 15 °C (59 °F) in August. Here are the average sea temperatures in Lulea.
Does anyone live in Arctic?
In total, only about 4 million people live in the Arctic worldwide, and in most countries indigenous people make up a minority of the Arctic population. … Northern people found many different ways to adapt to the harsh Arctic climate, developing warm dwellings and clothing to protect them from frigid weather.
Is the Arctic all ice?
Unlike Antarctica, there’s no land at the North Pole. Instead it’s all ice that’s floating on top of the Arctic Ocean. Over the past four decades, scientists have seen a steep decline in both the amount and thickness of Arctic sea ice during the summer and winter months.
Does Iceland touch the Arctic ocean?
Countries bordering the Arctic Ocean are Russia, Norway, Iceland, Greenland (territory of the Kingdom of Denmark), Canada and the United States.