The first settlers probably arrived from Polynesia between 1200 and 1300 AD. They discovered New Zealand as they explored the Pacific, navigating by the ocean currents, winds and stars. Some tribal traditions say the first Polynesian navigator to discover New Zealand was Kupe.
When did the Māori land in New Zealand?
Māori Land at 1860
For most years between 1840 and 1860, the Crown had the exclusive right to purchase land from Māori (as agreed to in article 2 of the Treaty of Waitangi).
Why did the Māori come to New Zealand?
Māori are the indigenous people of Aotearoa New Zealand, they settled here over 700 years ago. They came from Polynesia by waka (canoe). … The original Polynesian settlers discovered New Zealand during planned voyages of exploration, navigating by ocean currents, the winds, and stars.
Who arrived in NZ First?
Māori were the first to arrive in New Zealand, journeying in canoes from Hawaiki about 1,000 years ago. A Dutchman, Abel Tasman, was the first European to sight the country but it was the British who made New Zealand part of their empire.
When did the Moriori arrive in New Zealand?
The people who became the Moriori arrived on the islands from Eastern Polynesia and New Zealand around 1400 AD. They had no contact with other people for about 400 years, and developed their own distinct culture.
When did Māori get their land back?
The Treaty of Waitangi gave the Crown the exclusive right to buy Māori land, but things changed from the 1860s. As the conflict of the 1860s drew to a close, the government backed up its conquest through the law and a new court system.
When did Māori lose their land?
The 1860s saw confiscations of huge areas by the government and large areas of land began to be lost through the effect of the Native Land Court. The period between 1890 and 1920 saw a boom in government land purchases, despite Māori protests. By 1937, very little land was left in Māori ownership.
Who was in NZ before the Māori?
Before that time and until the 1920s, however, a small group of prominent anthropologists proposed that the Moriori people of the Chatham Islands represented a pre-Māori group of people from Melanesia, who once lived across all of New Zealand and were replaced by the Māori .
Did the Māori practice cannibalism?
Cannibalism was already a regular practice in Māori wars. In another instance, on July 11, 1821, warriors from the Ngapuhi tribe killed 2,000 enemies and remained on the battlefield “eating the vanquished until they were driven off by the smell of decaying bodies”.
When did Māori arrive in Otago?
Around 1250–1300, Māori arrived in Otago, where they hunted the flightless moa and burnt much of the inland forest. The first tribes were Waitaha, then Ngāti Māmoe; later Ngāi Tahu were dominant. They intermarried with the first Europeans in Otago, who were sealers and whalers.
Are the Māori indigenous?
Māori are the tangata whenua, the indigenous people, of New Zealand. They came here more than 1000 years ago from their mythical Polynesian homeland of Hawaiki. Today, one in seven New Zealanders identify as Māori. Their history, language and traditions are central to New Zealand’s identity.
What percentage makes you Māori?
At 30 June 2020: New Zealand’s estimated Māori ethnic population was 850,500 (or 16.7 percent of national population).
Where did the word Māori come from?
‘Maori’ derives from a common Polynesian word signifying ordinary.
Are Moriori and Māori the same?
It was once believed that Moriori were a Melanesian people, but it is now thought that they share the same Polynesian ancestry as Māori people. Current research indicates that Moriori came to the Chatham Islands from New Zealand about 1500.
Was Moriori in NZ before Māori?
There were a pre-Māori people in New Zealand, called the Moriori. When Māori arrived in the country they set about obliterating these peaceful Moriori inhabitants until not a single Moriori remained alive.
When did cannibalism stop in New Zealand?
Cannibalism lasted for several hundred years until the 1830s although there were a few isolated cases after that, said Professor Moon, a Pakeha history professor at Te Ara Poutama, the Maori Development Unit at the Auckland University of Technology.