P. abies is a tall, conical spruce tree native to alpine and northern Europe, and extensively planted (and largely naturalized) in North America.
Where are Norway spruce trees native?
GENERAL DISTRIBUTION : Norway spruce is native to the European Alps, the Balkan mountains, and the Carpathians, its range extending north to Scandinavia and merging with Siberian spruce (Picea obovata) in northern Russia .
Is the Norway spruce an invasive species?
Norway spruce has been declared invasive in Monocacy National Battlefield Park (Maryland), Great Smoky Mountains National Park (Tennessee), Haleakala National Park (Hawaii), and Cornell plantations considers it to be “moderately invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region.”
Where did the Norway spruce originate?
The Norway Spruce is native to the European Alps, with its range extending north into Scandinavia. It was introduced to the British Isles in the 16th century, and then to the Americas in the 19th century.
Is spruce native to North America?
In North America, there are 8 important spruce species most important to the timber trade, the Christmas tree industry and to landscapers. … Englemann spruce, blue spruce, and Sitka spruce are native to the western states and Canadian provinces.
Where do Norway spruce trees grow in the US?
Norway Spruce is perhaps the best adapted spruce for eastern Nebraska and is one of the most commonly planted spruces throughout the upper Midwest and New England. It’s easily grown in average, acidic, evenly moist, well-drained soils in full sun, but will tolerate a fairly wide range of conditions.
Are Norway spruce native to Pennsylvania?
Picea abies, the Norway spruce, is a species of spruce native to Northern, Central and Eastern Europe.
Will Norway Spruce tolerate shade?
You can plant Norway spruce in sun, shade, or partial shade and it grows just the same. It is tolerant of poor soil but also grows in rich, fertile soils.
How fast do Norway Spruce grow?
The Norway Spruce is a fast growing (2-3′ per year) evergreen that has dark green needles that are 1 inch long, and can grow up to 5 ft a year in a good weather year. It never drops its needles but keeps them on for up to 10 years. Its branches extend to the ground, giving excellent wind protection.
Are Norway Spruce good for wildlife?
Norway spruce trees support a wide variety of wildlife. They are important as winter cover for deer and small game including grouse, hare and woodcock. Song birds and fur bearers also frequent these forest types. Norway spruce also makes a good roosting tree for hawks and owls.
What is Norway spruce used for?
Especially in northern European countries, its wood is much used in timber construction and for producing paper. The wood is also used for a wide range of commodities, such as joinery timber, furniture, veneer and as tone-wood for musical instruments.
Which spruce trees grow the fastest?
The fastest-growing spruce tree, according to the Arbor Day Foundation, is the triangular-shaped Norway spruce (Picea abies), which is part of many suburban home and rural farm landscapes throughout Europe, the United States and Canada.
Is spruce native?
Depending on the variety of spruce, the branches are covered in green to blue-green or even silver-green needles. Although most spruces are found naturally in cooler regions, these adaptable trees are planted across much of the country. … Seven spruces are native to the United States.
Is a Norway spruce a pine tree?
The Norway spruce (Picea abies) is a coniferous evergreen fir tree native to the mountainous regions of Europe and Asia.
How do I identify a Norway spruce tree?
You can identify Norway spruce tree by its pyramidal shape and upward growing branches. The short green needle leaves have blunt tips. Its seed cones are long and oblong-shaped. Norway spruces grow to between 115 and 180 ft.