How did the first people arrive in New Zealand?

Māori were the first to arrive in New Zealand, journeying in canoes from Hawaiki about 1,000 years ago. A Dutchman, Abel Tasman, was the first European to sight the country but it was the British who made New Zealand part of their empire.

How did the Maori people arrive?

Māori originated with settlers from East Polynesia, who arrived in New Zealand in several waves of waka (canoe) voyages between roughly 1320 and 1350. … Some early Māori moved to the Chatham Islands where their descendants became New Zealand’s other indigenous Polynesian ethnic group, the Moriori.

Who was the first person to come to New Zealand?

Abel Tasman was the first of the European explorers known to have reached New Zealand, in December 1642.

How did the First Peoples arrive in Aotearoa?

Māori are the indigenous people of Aotearoa New Zealand, they settled here over 700 years ago. They came from Polynesia by waka (canoe). The original Polynesian settlers discovered New Zealand during planned voyages of exploration, navigating by ocean currents, the winds, and stars. …

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When did the first immigrants arrive in New Zealand?

Migration to New Zealand began with Polynesian settlement in New Zealand, then uninhabited, about 1250 to 1280. European migration provided a major influx following the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840.

Who was here before Māori?

Before that time and until the 1920s, however, a small group of prominent anthropologists proposed that the Moriori people of the Chatham Islands represented a pre-Māori group of people from Melanesia, who once lived across all of New Zealand and were replaced by the Māori .

What was New Zealand called before?

Hendrik Brouwer proved that the South American land was a small island in 1643, and Dutch cartographers subsequently renamed Tasman’s discovery Nova Zeelandia from Latin, after the Dutch province of Zeeland. This name was later anglicised to New Zealand.

When did the Māori arrive in New Zealand?

Māori settlement

The first settlers probably arrived from Polynesia between 1200 and 1300 AD. They discovered New Zealand as they explored the Pacific, navigating by the ocean currents, winds and stars. Some tribal traditions say the first Polynesian navigator to discover New Zealand was Kupe.

Who discovered New Zealand Māori?

Biographies. The dutch explorer Abel Tasman is officially recognised as the first European to ‘discover’ New Zealand in 1642. His men were the first Europeans to have a confirmed encounter with Māori.

Was New Zealand discovered before Australia?

Australia and New Zealand had quite separate indigenous histories, settled at different times by very different peoples – Australia from Indonesia or New Guinea around 50,000 years ago, New Zealand from islands in the tropical Pacific around 1250–1300 CE.

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Are New Zealand and Hawaii related?

New Zealand and Hawaii are similar in that they are groups of islands quite isolated from large land masses, have a small land area and population. Some aspects of Maori language are similar to Hawaiian as they are both Pacific languages. Hawaii is much warmer with that tropical feel.

When did Maori arrive in Otago?

Around 1250–1300, Māori arrived in Otago, where they hunted the flightless moa and burnt much of the inland forest. The first tribes were Waitaha, then Ngāti Māmoe; later Ngāi Tahu were dominant. They intermarried with the first Europeans in Otago, who were sealers and whalers.

When did the British arrive in New Zealand?

British explorer James Cook, who reached New Zealand in October 1769 on the first of his three voyages, was the first European to circumnavigate and map New Zealand. From the late 18th century, the country was regularly visited by explorers and other sailors, missionaries, traders and adventurers.

What are the pull factors of NZ?

A survey of New Zealanders living in Australia found “pull” factors, notably greater opportunities and better climate, were the most common reasons. While desire for change or sense of adventure was important, dissatisfaction with life in New Zealand was also a factor.

Why did the British people come to New Zealand?

In 1838, a group from Britain called the New Zealand Company began buying land from iwi to sell to settlers whom they brought to New Zealand. They did this to make money. Other settlers were buying and selling land to make money as well. The idea of buying land was something new to Māori.

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Why did English people come to New Zealand?

Promoting New Zealand

To combat negative notions about New Zealand, the company used books, pamphlets and broadsheets to promote the country as ‘a Britain of the South’, a fertile land with a benign climate, free of starvation, class war and teeming cities.