Legal system. The Swedish legal system is accusatorial with a prosecutor representing the state and a defense attorney representing the defendant. However, the majority of crimes and offenses, in particular traffic offenses, are sanctioned by police officers or prosecutors in the form of summary fines.
What kind of justice system does Sweden have?
Sweden has two parallel types of courts: Ordinary courts, which deal with criminal and civil cases. General administrative courts, which deal with cases relating to public administration.
Is Sweden adversarial or inquisitorial?
Introduction. The Swedish criminal procedural system dispose traits from the inquisitorial as well as from the adversarial system. Whereas the trial is predominantly accusatory, the pre-trial phase features more inquisitorial traits.
How does the judicial system work in Sweden?
There are three kinds of courts in Sweden: the general courts, which comprise district courts, courts of appeal and the Supreme Court; the general administrative courts, that is to say, administrative courts, administrative courts of appeal and the Supreme Administrative Court; and also the special courts, which …
What kind of criminal justice system do we have?
A criminal justice system is an organization that exists to enforce a legal code. There are three branches of the U.S. criminal justice system: the police, the courts, and the corrections system.
Does Sweden have jury duty?
Sweden. In Sweden, juries are uncommon; the public is represented in the courts by means of lay judges (nämndemän). However, the defendant has the right to a jury trial in the lower court (tingsrätt) when accused of an offence against the fundamental laws on freedom of expression and freedom of the press.
What is the political system in Sweden?
The Swedish Constitution consists of four fundamental laws: the Instrument of Government, the Act of Succession, the Freedom of the Press Act and the Fundamental Law on Freedom of Expression. In addition to the fundamental laws, Sweden has a Riksdag Act. … The Constitution takes precedence over all other laws.
Does Sweden use common law?
On this basis, Sweden is characterized as a mixture of common and civil law, which contributes to making parties, counsel and arbitrators from both legal traditions feel equally at home when arbitrating in Sweden.
What is a lay judge in Sweden?
In practice, lay judges in Sweden are elderly, wealthy, and better-educated. Lay judges are usually politicians with the local authority from which they are appointed, appointed in proportion to political party representation at the last local elections. The use of lay judges in Sweden goes back to the Middle Ages.
What type of legal system does Norway have?
Laws in Norway are created and amended in Parliament, as the country follows a civil law system. These laws are regulated under the Courts of justice of Norway. The Supreme court is the highest in the country, with 20 justices.
What are the 4 types of criminal justice system in the world?
Criminal justice systems can be loosely classified as either common, civil, Islamic or socialist law in nature.
What country created the first criminal justice system?
The Sumerian people from what is now Iraq produced the earliest known example of a written set of criminal laws. Their code, created around 2100-2050 BC, was the first to create a distinction between criminal and civil wrongdoings.
What is the UK criminal justice system?
The criminal justice system of the United Kingdom is the collective body responsible for administrating justice in the UK, and consists of various institutions such as the police, the crown prosecution service, and the UK’s prison system.