In total, they are spoken by a minimum of 40,000 people throughout the four countries of Sweden, Norway, Finland and Russia. As a minority language, Sami is an official language and may be used in government agencies, courts, preschools and nursing homes in the municipalities where it is most common.
What are the official languages of Sweden?
Sami country – known as Sápmi – stretches across the northern part of Scandinavia and Russia’s Kola Peninsula. … There is no census for the Sami, but the population is estimated at around 80,000 people, spread over four countries with approximately 20,000 in Sweden, 50,000 in Norway, 8,000 in Finland and 2,000 in Russia.
Is Saami a real language?
The Saami languages are Fenno-Ugrian languages spoken from central Sweden and Mid-Southern Norway to the tip of the Kola Peninsula in Russia by 25,000-35,000 speakers. The number of ethnic Saami is probably nearly 100,000.
Where is the language Sami spoken?
Most Sami are bilingual, and many no longer speak their ancestral language. They inhabit an area mostly within the Arctic Circle, from northern Norway, Sweden, and Finland to Russia’s Kola Peninsula.
Can I live in Sweden speaking English?
English might be one of the most commonly spoken languages in the world, but don’t expect to hear Swedes speaking English to each other. Although more than 80 percent of people in Sweden do speak English, you might still come across people who don’t, so it’s best to learn some basic Swedish phrases for common niceties.
What is the official language in Stockholm?
Swedish language, Swedish Svenska, the official language of Sweden and, with Finnish, one of the two national languages of Finland. Swedish belongs to the East Scandinavian group of North Germanic languages. Until World War II, it was also spoken in parts of Estonia and Latvia.
Are Sámi people Vikings?
In the 9th and 10th centuries the Swedish Vikings are thought to have introduced the name “Lapp.” This name then spread throughout Scandinavia, to the Finns, the Russians and later to the Germans, Hungarians, Estonians and other groups. Today, the Sami prefer the name Sami, and their land is called Sapmi.
What language do the Sami speak?
Sámi languages (/ˈsɑːmi/ SAH-mee), in English also rendered as Sami and Saami, are a group of Uralic languages spoken by the Sámi people in Northern Europe (in parts of northern Finland, Norway, Sweden, and extreme northwestern Russia).
Where did the Sámi people originate?
The Sami are the descendants of nomadic peoples who had inhabited northern Scandinavia for thousands of years. When the Finns entered Finland, beginning about ad 100, Sami settlements were probably dispersed over the whole of that country; today they are confined to its northern extremity.
Are the Sami Indo-European?
The genetic origin of the Sámi people is complex and difficult to trace. Their beginnings are closely linked with the origin of the Finns. Both groups speak a Finno-Ugric language that causes them to be singled out among their Indo-European neighbors and associated historically with each other.
How old is the Sami language?
According to the comparative linguist Ante Aikio, the Sami proto-language developed in South Finland or in Karelia around 2000–2500 years ago, spreading then to northern Fennoscandia.
What is Saami in English?
Definitions of Saami. a member of an indigenous nomadic people living in northern Scandinavia and herding reindeer. synonyms: Lapp, Lapplander, Saame, Same, Sami. type of: European. a native or inhabitant of Europe.
Is the Sámi language dying?
Language decline in the Nordics
Also Pite Sami, traditionally spoken on both the Norwegian and Swedish side of the border in the Arjeplog area, is a dying language. According to Wikipedia, there are only some twenty native speakers left and only on the Swedish side of the border.
Is Sámi an endangered language?
The most spoken Sámi language, North Sámi, is estimated by the UNESCO as “definitely endangered”, the second lowest level of endangerment characterised by the fact that children no longer learn the language as mother tongue at home.
What do the Sámi believe in?
Traditional Sámi religion is generally considered to be Animism. The Sámi belief that all significant natural objects (such as animals, plants, rocks, etc.) possess a soul, and from a polytheistic perspective, traditional Sámi beliefs include a multitude of spirits.