Britain was motivated by the desire to forestall the New Zealand Company and other European powers (France established a very small settlement at Akaroa in the South Island later in 1840), to facilitate settlement by British subjects and, possibly, to end the lawlessness of European (predominantly British and American) …
Why did the British want to live in NZ?
In early 19th-century Britain conditions were such that millions set off for the New World in search of a better life. After the industrial and agricultural revolutions the population had increased from 16 million in 1801 to 26 million in 1841.
Why did the British people want the Māori Land?
Reasons why chiefs signed the treaty included wanting controls on sales of Māori land to Europeans, and on European settlers. They also wanted to trade with Europeans, and believed the new relationship with Britain would stop fighting between tribes.
What made New Zealand an attractive place to colonize?
Since the streets of Britain were getting more and more overpopulated, New Zealand was a good place to colonize and offer their citizens a new start. New Zealand also had many valuable resources up for grabs, such as precious gold mines and useful minerals and materials the Europeans had not come across before.
What did the British want from the Māori?
The chiefs would give up ‘sovereignty’; Britain would take over the purchasing of land; Māori would have the protection and all rights and privileges of British subjects, and would be guaranteed possession of their lands, forests, fisheries and other properties for as long as they wanted to keep them.
How did the British Colonise New Zealand?
In 1642, Dutch navigator Abel Tasman became the first European to discover the South Pacific island group that later became known as New Zealand. … Whalers, missionaries, and traders followed, and in 1840 Britain formally annexed the islands and established New Zealand’s first permanent European settlement at Wellington.
Was New Zealand a British colony?
New Zealand officially became a separate colony within the British Empire, severing its link to New South Wales. North, South and Stewart islands were to be known respectively as the provinces of New Ulster, New Munster and New Leinster. William Hobson had been appointed Britain’s consul to New Zealand in 1839.
What were the British intentions for the Treaty of Waitangi?
Preamble. The English version states the British intentions were to protect Māori interests from the encroaching British settlement, provide for British settlement and establish a government to maintain peace and order.
What were the British intentions found in the English version of the Treaty?
The preamble to the English version states that the British intentions were to: protect Māori interests from the encroaching British settlement. provide for British settlement. establish a government to maintain peace and order.
What did Māori want from Europeans?
Maori and Europeans began to trade with each other from the late eighteenth century. To a large extent, Europeans relied on Maori for food, including fish and vegetables, as well as for fibres such as flax, and for help with building fences and shelters.
When did NZ stop being a colony?
On 26 September 1907 the colony of New Zealand ceased to exist. New Zealand became a dominion within the British Empire.
What impact did the Europeans have on NZ?
As Europeans settled in New Zealand, they brought more changes to the remaining forests, animal diversity and landscape stability. Along with immigrants came new animals, crop plants, parasites and diseases. The remaining lowland forests and scrubland were burnt, drained, logged and cleared for farms and cropping.
Why did the Māori come to New Zealand?
Māori are the indigenous people of Aotearoa New Zealand, they settled here over 700 years ago. They came from Polynesia by waka (canoe). … The original Polynesian settlers discovered New Zealand during planned voyages of exploration, navigating by ocean currents, the winds, and stars.
How did the British treat the Māori?
The British preferred a peaceful arrangement to taking control of New Zealand by force, and the queen’s government offered the Maori chiefs its support and all privileges as the queen’s subjects. This was the Treaty of Waitangi, signed by 46 Maori chiefs on February 6, 1840.
Why was a Treaty needed in New Zealand?
The Treaty promised to protect Māori culture and to enable Māori to continue to live in New Zealand as Māori. At the same time, the Treaty gave the Crown the right to govern New Zealand and to represent the interests of all New Zealanders.